| USAGE OPTIMIZATION OF UNEVENLY SAMPLED DATA THROUGH THE COMBINATION OF QUARTET TREES: A EUTHERIAN DRAFT PHYLOGENY BASED ON 640 NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL PROTEINS |
MARC ROBINSON-RECHAVI A1 and DAN GRAUR A2
A1 Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Ecole Normale Supérieure de, Lyon, 46 allée d’Italie, 69364 Lyon cedex 07, France
A2 Department of Zoology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Molecular phylogeneticists must frequently decide on a painful trade-off between the number of taxa and the number of sequences used in a study. Here, we illustrate the advantages of a method of combining quartet trees to solve this dilemma. We apply the method to a data set of 640 protein-sequence alignments from 4 to 24 eutherian taxa, and obtain a global eutherian phylogeny. In agreement with recent studies, we identify three major super-ordinal clades. The first clade is Afrotheria, a cluster of endemic African mammals. The second clade is an emended Laurasiatheria, consisting of Cetartiodactyla (cetaceans, ruminants, hippopotamuses, pigs, and tylopods), Perissodactyla (horses and rhinoceroses), Carnivora, Pholidota (pangolins), Chiroptera (bats), and Erinaceidae (hedgehogs). A tentatively identified third clade consists of some archontans (primates, flying lemurs, and tree shrews) as well as lagomorphs and rodents. Evolutionary relations within these major clades are well resolved. We also show that nuclear encoded proteins resolve eutherian phylogeny better than complete mitochondria. Finally, our results demonstrate that combining quartet trees provides a major opportunity to resolve unevenly sampled complex phylogenies.
The references of this article are secured to subscribers.