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Israel Journal of Zoology
  Issue:  Volume 47, Number 1 / 2001
  Pages:  21 - 28
  URL:  Linking Options

   Special Issue: Environmental Challenge and Physiological Coping Mechanisms
  Guest Editor(s): M. Horowitz and A. Haim
 
THERMAL DEHYDRATION: CENTRAL RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEMAND PLASMA FLUID SHIFTS AND OSMOLARITY

PAVEL KASPLER A1, URI MEIRI A1, MICHAL HOROWITZ A1, RUEDIGER GERSTBERGER A2

A1 Division of Physiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Dental Medicine, P.O. Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
A2 Max-Planck-Institute for Physiology and Clinical Research, W.G. Kerckhoff-Institute, D-61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany

Abstract:

We measured relative changes in plasma volume (PV) and osmolarity duringheat stress at 40 C in untreated and in intracerebroventricular (icv) losartan(LOS)-administered rats. The rats were in different hydration states and various phases of heat acclimation (at 34 C), differing in response to LOS.Icv LOS accelerated the rate of water loss, which led to a marked increase inplasma osmolarity, and augmented plasma fluid efflux during heat stress in all experimental groups. The data obtained fit with the hypothesis that icv LOS mediates plasma composition and volume via a linkage to the adreno sympathetic vasomotor thermoregulatory reflex and modulation of vasopress in release. The results suggest that during thermal dehydration central autonomic control may be involved in plasma fluid shifts. The temporally varying responsiveness of this pathway with acclimation may suggest that this control mechanism is subjected to adaptive modulations. The relative importance of this pathway, however, remains to be elucidated.


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